The history of Nigeria can be traced back to prehistoric settlers living in the area as early as 1100 BC. Numerous ancient African civilizations settled in the region that is today Nigeria, such as the Kingdom of Nri, the Benin Empire, and the Oyo Empire.
Between 1851 and 1861, Nigeria was invaded by the British forces which marked the beginning of colonization. Nigeria became a British protectorate in 1901. Colonization lasted until 1960, when an independence movement succeeded in gaining Nigeria her independence from the colonial masters. Nigeria became a republic once again after a new constitution was written in 1979.
59 Years of Independence:
Nigeria has remained one of the most populous countries in the world and the giant of Africa till tomorrow, with a whooping population of about 200 million. The nation is immensely blessed with abundant human and material resources.
How Technological Advancement Has Aided our National Growth Since Independence
Technology has taken the world by storm of recent. Every nation of the world is clamouring about technology hence these nations have decided to embrace technology, and also believed in technology; Nigeria however, is not left out of this clamour.
As a matter of emphasis, Technological Advancement has helped in the growth and improvement of our Nation’s economy right from Independence. Technological Advancement has helped in the reduction of cost of production with the use of mechanised machineries in production.
Since her independence, Nigerian state has experienced a roboust growth of new businesses and remarkable advancement in the Nigerian communication and telecommunication industries.
The introduction of GSM by former Nigerian president, Olusegun Obasanjo brought a paradigm shift in the Nigerian economy growth. It created countless workplaces all over the country. The benefits of the GSM business are being enjoyed by almost everyone.
Where all people working with MTN Nigeria, GLO, Airtel and Etisalat would have been employed otherwise? The same question goes to phone and phone accessories sellers (both individual entrepreneurs and dealers like Slot that are employing people on their own), phone repairers, those printing and selling recharge cards, engineers installing and maintaining masts for telecommunication companies… The list is endless and inexhaustible, and I estimate that tens of millions are employed and being paid.
Furthermore, the use of agricultural machinery has drastically cut down the time it takes to perform farm activities and farmers are more productive than ever.
To give you an overview, it took farmers an average of three to five hours to till an acre of land manually using shovels or hoes. Today, using a 154-horsepower tractor and a chisel plow, a farmer can till an acre in five minutes.
When professional tools are used for farming, more farm produce can be harvested and it makes farming easier and faster.
Also, Technology has made educating farmers easier. There are different ways to look at this. First, people are more enlightened about farming as a profession, and it has shifted the perspective of considering farming as a profession for people in rural communities or for people who have nothing else to do, to a profession that holds exciting prospects.
The role of technology in education in Nigeria can not be overemphasized. Technology has revamped the educational system from the generic system of group learning to a more individualized learning.
This has proven to be more effective especially with people with disabilities e.g. autism, blindness and other physical and mental disorders.
Also individuals can learn anything and train themselves on different skillset on search engines “just ask Google”,electronic databases and social networking sites e.g. YouTube, Pin it, Reddit, etc.
Notwithstanding the numerous achievements of technology in our national growth and economical Advancement as a nation, technology just like any other sectors in the country needs to be improved.
Any government that realizes the importance and the need for technological improvement will always take realistic actions, with reliable policies towards achieving that objective.
For instance, for Nigeria to improve technology in Nigeria, the Nigerian government must, first of all, understand or recognize the need for technological advancement in Nigeria.
The government must make sure that it makes policies that are consistent towards the achievement of technological improvement in Nigeria.
A good amount of funds must be allotted to education. For example, courses, such as Science, and Technology, and Engineering, as well as Mathematics, should attract more funds.
The federal government should encourage Nigerians into studying such courses by launching incentives packages with a view to attract citizens into studying these courses and become proficient as possible in those areas of studies.
Generally, the importance of technology in Nigeria’s national growth and economical Advancement cannot be overemphasized. Simply put, it is the reason why we have come this far today.
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