A Lagos High Court sitting in Ikeja, yesterday, ordered the Proprietress of Cendom International Nursery and Primary School, Olodi-Apapa, Lagos, Mrs Uche Owen, to pay N25 million damages to a five-year-old pupil of the school, Destiny Kalu, who became blind after he was flogged for not paying school fees.
Destiny, suing through his father, Inyima Kalu, had in 2013 dragged Mrs Owen and his class teacher, Miss Uduak Sam, before the court for flogging and inflicting severe injuries on his right eyes over non-payment of school fees. In his statement of claim, Destiny alleged that on June 20, 2011 Mrs Owen came to his classroom and flogged all the pupils that had not paid their school fees. He stated that the proprietress further instructed their class teacher, Miss Uduak, to flog them.
Destiny claimed that while being flogged, his right eye was covered with blood as a result of cane injury inflicted on him by Uduak. He said the act left him in pains and tears for several hours unattended to in the school premises.
Destiny further claimed that without administering first aid treatment, his class teacher neglected him as he bled internally and water gushed out of his right eye all through the school hours, until he was picked up at close of school by his father after every staff of the school had abandoned him and gone home.
Destiny was subsequently taken to Ajeromi General Hospital, Lagos, where he was treated and later referred to Lagos University Teaching Hospital, LUTH.
At LUTH, the right eye was operated without success. Doctor’s report revealed that Destiny’s right eye was permanently damaged and cannot perceive light.
Following the permanent injury sustained by Destiny, his father demanded N30 million as compensation from the school. Teacher’s defence In her statement to the Nigeria Police after the incident, Miss Uduak admitted that she punished the infant by caning him on the instruction of Mrs Owen.
However, in her statement in defence of the suit, Uduak claimed that Destiny may have sustained the injury on his right eye during a fight with another pupil in the school. The proprietress also denied being responsible for the injuries sustained by Destiny.
Ruling Delivering judgment in the matter after six years of trial, Justice Yetunde Idowu held the two defendants liable for the permanent injury sustained by Destiny. Justice Idowu held that the defendants owe a duty of care to Destiny but breached that duty by flogging and inflicting injury on him. She said: “Caning a child for non-payment of fees is not only wrongful but illegal. It is trite and universally accepted that caning a child does not have positive effect. Flogging is an abuse of a child and domestic violence against a child. It should be discouraged completely and contrary to all known best practices and unacceptable.
“The child was under the custody of the first defendant, in her school premises. The first and second defendants, the owner of the school and the class teacher owe a duty of care to the child. “The duty of care was breached when the second defendant on the instruction of the first defendant engaged in flogging the child. “Vicarious liability basically means that employers are liable for the torts of their employees, committed during the course of employment.
A tort is a wrongful act or an infringement of a right (other than under contract) leading to legal liability. “Damages in the sum of N25 million is awarded in favour of the infant suing by the next of kin.”
Source : Vanguard